SANGHATODAY.ORG
Reflection and Change

four noble truths of buddhism - top graphic

Get FREE
eBooks
Email:
Name:

Privacy Policy

Noble Eightfold Path of buddhism for FREE in eBook format


The Noble Eightfold Path of Buddhism for you FREE to Download

The Noble Eightfold Path, according to Buddhism and as taught by Gautama Buddha, is the way to the cessation of suffering, the fourth part of the Four Noble Truths. It is summarized into three important categories: wisdom (paa), virtue (sila), and concentration (samadhi).

The following is An Analysis of the Path, a sutra or discourse delivered by Gautama Buddha from the Tipitaka, explaining this Noble Eightfold Path in detail. In all these, the word "right" is a translation of the word samma (Pali; Sanskrit: Samyac), which denotes completion, togetherness, or coherence, and which can also carry the sense of "perfect" or "ideal".

Click HERE to download The Noble Eightfold Path for FREE !

Wisdom (paa)

1. Right Understanding (or Right View, or Right Perspective) - samma ditthi

"And what, monks, is right understanding? Knowledge with regard to sadness, knowledge with regard to the origination of sadness, knowledge with regard to the stopping of sadness, knowledge with regard to the way of practice leading to the stopping of sadness: This, monks, is called right understanding.

Right view is the beginning and the end of the path, it simply means to see and to understand things as they really are and to realize the Four Noble Truth. As such, right view is the cognitive aspect of wisdom. It means to see things through, to grasp the impermanent and imperfect nature of worldly objects and ideas, and to understand the law of karma and karmic conditioning. Right view is not necessarily an intellectual capacity, just as wisdom is not just a matter of intelligence. Instead, right view is attained, sustained, and enhanced through all capacities of mind. It begins with the intuitive insight that all beings are subject to suffering and it ends with complete understanding of the true nature of all things. Since our view of the world forms our thoughts and our actions, right view yields right thoughts and right actions.

Virtue (Ethical Conduct) (sila)

2. Right Thought (or Right Intention, or Right Resolve) - samma sankappa

"And what is right thought? Being resolved on renunciation, on freedom from ill will, on harmlessness: This is called right thought.

In Sanskrit, sila is a term in Indian-derived systems such as Hinduism and Buddhism which is usually rendered into English as "behavioral discipline," "morality," or "ethics" (Tibetan tshul khrims). More specifically, the concept deals with the prohibitions against immoral behavior that are practiced by monks and nuns in Buddhism. It is one of the "three practices", the second paramita: moral purity, of thought, word, and deed. The four conditions of sila are chaste, calm, quiet, extinguishment, i.e. no longer being susceptible to be perturbed by the passions.

Right Thoughts are threefold. They are:

  1. The thoughts of renunciation which are opposed to sense-pleasures.
  2. Kind Thoughts which are opposed to ill-will.
  3. Thoughts of harmlessness which are opposed to cruelty. These tend to purify the mind.


3. Right Speech - samma vaca

"And what is right speech? Abstaining from lying, abstaining from divisive speech, abstaining from abusive speech, abstaining from idle chatter: This, monks, is called right speech.

This contains four aspects.

  1. Abstinence from false speech, that is, from lying - instead making an effort to speak truthfully.
  2. Abstinence from slanderous speech, statements intended to divide or create enmity between people. Instead the follower of the path should always speak words which promote friendship and harmony between people.
  3. Absinence from harsh speech, from speech which is angry and bitter, which cuts into the hearts of others. Instead one's speech should always be soft, gentle and affectionate.
  4. Abstinence from idle chatter, from gossip. Instead one should speak words which are meaningful, significant and purposeful.

4. Right Action - samma kammanta

"And what, monks, is right action? Abstaining from taking life, abstaining from stealing, abstaining from unchastity: This, monks, is called right action.

Wrong Actions are actions of killing and harming, theft and sexual misconduct (eg. adultery) Right Actions are their opposites; actions of healing & helping, actions of generosity and actions of sensual restraint (or loving conduct in the context of a wholesome relationship.)

5. Right Livelihood - samma ajiva

"And what, monks, is right livelihood? There is the case where a disciple of the noble ones, having abandoned dishonest livelihood, keeps his life going with right livelihood: This, monks, is called right livelihood.

Wrong Livelihood is any way of making a living that causes suffering to others. The Buddha listed five trades as particularly unwholesome; dealing in animals for slaughter, human slaves, poisons, weapons and intoxicants. Right Livelihood is any profession or trade that does not cause suffering and is conducted honestly and to the best of one's ability.

Concentration (Mental Development) (samadhi)


6. Right Effort (or Right Endeavour) - samma vayama

  • There is the case where a monk generates desire, endeavors, activates persistence, upholds & exerts his intent for the sake of the non-arising of evil, unskillful qualities that have not yet arisen.
  • He generates desire, endeavors, activates persistence, upholds & exerts his intent for the sake of the abandonment of evil, unskillful qualities that have arisen(rejects ineptitude).
  • He generates desire, endeavors, activates persistence, upholds & exerts his intent for the sake of the arising of skillful qualities that have not yet arisen.(hopes)
  • He generates desire, endeavors, activates persistence (tries), upholds & exerts his intent for the maintenance (strives), non-confusion (concentrates), increase (grows), plenitude (achieves), development (branches out), & culmination (flowers in) of skillful qualities that have arisen: This, monks, is called right effort."

Right effort (meditation). This is needed to think about what one says and does. By re-training the mind to surpass the moment we can overcome dukkha.

Right effort can be seen as a prerequisite for the other principles of the path. Without effort, which is in itself an act of will, nothing can be achieved, whereas misguided effort distracts the mind from its task, and confusion will be the consequence. Mental energy is the force behind right effort; it can occur in either wholesome or unwholesome states. The same type of energy that fuels desire, envy, aggression, and violence can on the other side fuel self-discipline, honesty, benevolence, and kindness. Right effort is detailed in four types of endeavors that rank in ascending order of perfection: 1. to prevent the arising of unarisen unwholesome states, 2. to abandon unwholesome states that have already arisen, 3. to arouse wholesome states that have not yet arisen, and 4. to maintain and perfect wholesome states already arisen.

7. Right Mindfulness - samma sati

"And what, monks, is right mindfulness?

  • There is the case where a monk remains focused on (his/her) body in & of itself... ardent, aware, & mindful...putting away greed & distress with reference to the world.
  • (He/she) remains focused on feelings in & of themselves...ardent, aware, & mindful...putting away greed & distress with reference to the world.
  • (He/she) remains focused on the mind in & of itself...ardent, aware, & mindful...putting away greed & distress with reference to the world.
  • (He/she) remains focused on mental qualities in & of themselves...ardent, aware, & mindful...putting away greed & distress with reference to the world. This, monks, is called right mindfulness."

Right Mindfulness means to cherish good and pure thoughts, for all that we say and do arises from our thoughts.

8. Right Concentration - samma samadhi

"And what, monks, is right concentration?

  • There is the case where a monk...not ardent, quite withdrawn from sensuality, but mindful and alert, enters in the first jhana: rapture & pleasure born from detachment, accompanied by directed thought & evaluation.
  • With the stilling of directed thought & evaluation, he enters & remains in the second jhana: rapture & pleasure born of concentration; fixed single-pointed awareness free from directed thought & evaluation; assurance.
  • With the fading of rapture, he remains in equanimity, mindful & fully aware, and physically sensitive of pleasure. He enters & remains in the third jhana which the Noble Ones declare to be "Equanimous & mindful, (he/she) has a pleasurable abiding."
  • With the abandoning of pleasure & pain...as with the earlier disappearance of elation & distress...he enters & remains in the fourth jhana: purity of equanimity & mindfulness, neither in pleasure nor in pain. This, monks, is called right concentration."

Right Meditation means to concentrate on the Oneness of all life and the Buddhahood that exists within all beings.

Samadhi, or concentration of the mind, is the second of the three parts of the Buddha's teaching: sila or conduct, samadhi or samatha (concentration), and vipassana (insight or wisdom). It has been taught by the Buddha using 40 different objects of meditation, such as mindfulness of breathing (anapanasati). Upon development of samadhi, one's mind becomes purified of defilements, calm, tranquil, and luminous. Once the meditator achieves a strong and powerful concentration, one's mind is ready to penetrate and see into the ultimate nature of reality, eventually obtaining release from all suffering. In the language of the eight-fold path, samatha is "right concentration".

Important components of samatha meditation, frequently discussed by the Buddha, are the meditative states known as the jhanas. The Buddhist suttas mention that samadhi practitioners may develop "supranormal" powers (and list several that the Buddha developed), but warn that these should not be allowed to distract the practitioner from the larger goal of complete freedom from suffering.

Click HERE to download The Noble Eightfold Path for FREE !

The Noble Eightfold Path by Bhikkhu Bodhi

"One of the best explanations of the Eightfold path in print today!" The present book aims at contributing towards a proper understanding of the Noble Eightfold Path by investigating its eight factors and their components to determine exactly what they involve. Bhikkhu Bodhi is concise, using as the framework for his exposition the Buddha's own words in explanation of the path factors, as found in the Sutta Pitaka of the Pali Canon.


LATEST NEWS ON: The Noble Eightfold Path of Buddhism

  Missouri lengthens yellow lights for safety Missouri is lengthening yellow lights at intersections in an attempt to make them safer. Previously the timing of yellow lights was determined by how many cars needed to be squeezed through. Now the length of the individual intersection and traffic speeds will factor in. Full Story Related posts:Red light cameras increase rear-end crashes Cameras at traffic-light intersections [...] Related posts:

  1. Red light cameras increase rear-end crashes Cameras at traffic-light intersections have cut down on T-bone collisions...
  2. Pop-up ads to be dropped from web statistics Jupiter Media Metrix has announced it will drop some pop-up...
  3. News cameraman killed taping story about intersection An Omaha, Nebraska, news cameraman taping a story about a...
Related posts brought to you by Yet Another Related Posts Plugin.
  Man faces prison for attacking boy with a hedgehog A 27-year-old man faces a possible 5 years in prison after attacking a 15-year-old boy with a hedgehog. Related posts:
  1. Athiest man faces expulsion from Boy Scouts A 19-year-old athiest man who has been vowing his belief...
  2. Scientists may treat Parkinson’s Disease with Sonic Hedgehog A new study at Toronto’s Western Hospital suggests that increasing...
  3. Nicole Kidman gets intimate with 10-year-old boy In her latest film ‘Birth’, Nicole Kidman gets intimate with...
Related posts brought to you by Yet Another Related Posts Plugin.
  India develops curry hand grenade India has developed a new nonlethal weapon in the war on terror: the curry hand grenade. Related posts:
  1. Woman takes hand grenade to work Asia Portis, 19, found a rust-encrusted hand grenade near the...
  2. Discovery of doll hand closes Ontario beach A supposed human baby’s hand found on an Ontario beach...
  3. Doctors use hot curry to treat radiation burns Tests suggest that the compound that makes curry yellow may...
Related posts brought to you by Yet Another Related Posts Plugin.
  Children in poor countries need more toilets UN Agencies for world health and children are underscoring the need for more toilets for children in poor countries. Related posts:
  1. Media upset with DNC toilets Members of the media are upset that only 20 portable...
  2. Boston says no to public toilets during Democratic Convention Boston has decided to provide no public toilets after 5pm...
  3. Children’s Motrin bottles may contain adult-strength Tylenol Some bottles of Children’s Motrin grape chewable ibuprofen tablets might...
Related posts brought to you by Yet Another Related Posts Plugin.
  Thief thwarted with frozen ham A would-be thief was sent running by a restaurant owner who smacked him in the face with a frozen ham. Related posts:
  1. Man Finds Severed Finger in Frozen Custard A North Carolina man found a severed finger packed inside...
  2. Supreme Court Justice charged with DWI, hit and run Washington Supreme Court Justice Bobbe Bridge was charged with drunken...
  3. Man finds corpse in ice-cream truck An ice-cream truck driver in Nashville, Tennessee, was shocked to...
Related posts brought to you by Yet Another Related Posts Plugin.
  Matt Damon and wife expecting a baby Matt Damon and his wife (not Sarah Silverman) are expecting their second child. A spokesman for couple declared them as “excited” and “happy” about the pregnancy. Related posts:Matt LeBlanc and wife seeking divorce Actor Matt LeBlanc and his wife Melissa have filed for...Man claims he stabbed his wife 43 times in self defense An Alaska [...] Related posts:
  1. Matt LeBlanc and wife seeking divorce Actor Matt LeBlanc and his wife Melissa have filed for...
  2. Man claims he stabbed his wife 43 times in self defense An Alaska man accused of killing his wife by stabbing...
  3. Iranian wife asks court for fewer beatings from husband An Iranian woman asked a court to order her husband...
Related posts brought to you by Yet Another Related Posts Plugin.
  Baby that survived tornado nicknamed “Tumbleweed” Baby Kyson Stowell of Chatanooga, Tennesee, has been nicknamed “Tumbleweed” after surviving being tossed around by a tornado. Lil’ Tumbleweed was treated for a collapsed lung and gashes at a local hospital and has since recovered. The baby’s 23-year-old mother was killed by the tornado and the infant is now cared for by his grandparents. [...] Related posts:
  1. Weather Channel crew arrested at tornado victim’s home Three employees of the Weather Channel were arrested at the...
  2. Baboon eats baby’s brain A baboon in South Africa ripped a sleeping baby’s head...
  3. Mother claims baby leaped out of bathtub through an open window A Michigan woman will appear in court Thursday on charges...
Related posts brought to you by Yet Another Related Posts Plugin.
  Airborne pays out millions due to phony cold-cure claims The company that makes the over the counter supplement Airborne, is paying out over $23 million because it made bull***t claims that its product actually worked to treat colds. The investigation into the company intensified after it was learned that research the company had touted was performed by a couple of people with no credentials… [...] Related posts:
  1. Forgery suspect pays booking fee with counterfeit money After his arrest for trying to cash a forged check,...
  2. Panhandlers - Brought to You by Sumaato Advertising As if advertising on the sides of soft-drink cans weren’t...
  3. Kmart cashier nearly steals millions in stock scam A 20-year-old former Kmart cashier nearly defrauded the company out...
Related posts brought to you by Yet Another Related Posts Plugin.

 

FREE eBOOKS

The 4 Noble Truths
The Noble 8 Fold Path
The Dhammapada

Resources

FREE Meditation Classes in Vancouver, BC
The Tibetan Book of the Dead Videos